Disabled people have every right to be employed. The employers have no right to discriminate or shun the employment opportunities just because the person is disabled. The employees with disabilities share the same general employment rights as other able workers do.
The legislation in UK has passed Disability Discrimination Act according to which there are special provisions for disabled people. According to the Act, it is unlawful for the employers to discriminate people on the basis of their disabilities in all employment aspects unless it can be justified. Disabled people have employment rights too. The following recruitment and selection things are covered by the Act:
- Application forms
- Job descriptions
- Application process
- Shortlisting arrangements and interviewing arrangements
- Testing arrangements
- Job offers
- Terms of employment
- Work benefits
- Redundancy or dismissal
Adjustments in the workplace
Employers are responsible to make adjustments in the workplace or the employment arrangements so that a disabled person can easily perform his/her duties in the workplace. The employers are liable to make reasonable adjustments in every stage of the employment.
It is important for the employer to be knowledgeable about the disability of the person. The disabled people should not be placed at a substantial disadvantage as compared to the normal person.
The duty of the employer arises when a provision of the policy at the practice, or any physical feature at the premises of the workplace is at substantial disadvantage of the disabled person. The employer has to take reasonable steps to make arrangements to create an environment suitable for the disabled person. The employer in no way can justify the failure in making reasonable adjustments.
When the duty arises, the employer has to take necessary steps for removing or reducing the obstacles a person might face while processing the job application or performing the job itself. The adjustments will not be expensive, and an employer is not expected to do more than what is reasonable. The reasonability depends on the size and the nature of organization. However, if an employer does nothing, then the disabled person can make a claim against the employer in the employment tribunal. The employer might be entitled to pay some compensation and then make reasonable adjustments.
Examples of adjustments
Examples of adjustments that can be made by the employer:
- Allocating some of the work of the disabled person to another worker
- Transferring the disabled person to another place or post, which is suitable for his condition
- Making changes to the building for the disabled person
- Offering flexible working hours. Allowing the disabled person to work on convenient hours, allowing time off for treatment, assessment and rehabilitation from the office
- Providing necessary training and then retraining if the person is unable to perform the current job
- Developing more accessible manuals and instructions
- Providing an interpreter or a reader for help
The disabled person can discuss the necessary arrangements to be made for working with the employer. He can encourage his employer to talk to a person who is expert in offering help in adjusting the workplace or the working condition for disabled people.
The adjustments made in the workplace should help:
- Employees with disabilities to use their skills in an effective way
- Job applicants with disabilities to compete on the basis of their capabilities, merit and position.
- The employer adjustment will also include job redesigning, changing the work area, purchasing special equipment, and offering the most flexible work arrangements.
A significant number of factors might be involved in deciding whether to make the adjustments and if the adjustments are to be made, what should they be. This mostly depends on the individual circumstances. Different people are going to need different changes. Even people with similar impairments might need different changes. Therefore, it is better for the employer to discuss the adjustments with the worker. Chances are the adjustments made by you might not be effective for the particular disabled person.
Pensions and other benefits
The pension schemes and benefits should not discriminate disabled people. The occupational pension scheme must make reasonable adjustments to any practice, provision, policy or criterion that is against the disabled person or that puts the person in substantial disadvantage as compared to the able people.
According to DDA, adjustment is considered to be “reasonable” unless it creates hardships for the organization or the employer. These are the unjustifiable hardships that come in financial form or major amendments to the physical structure of the building which might not be possible due to council restrictions or any other kind of adjustments that may be harmful for other employees within the organization.
While there are organizations that are constantly working to make the world a better living place for disabled people, there is always the danger of not having enough funds to run the programs that provide rehabilitation for these people and offer them a better way of life. Keeping up with the latest developments in the economic conditions and the government’s policies is a crucial part of the work that rehabilitation centre’s do for disabled people. After all these policies are directly affecting the different programs for disabled people in one way or another and it is from these policies that the future can be predicted more accurately. Some of the latest developments regarding this particular field have been discussed here in detail.
Second Disabled Dame in House of Commons
Anne McGuire is a disabled member of the Labour Party and has formerly worked in the ministry for disabled people. She was recently given the honour of being a dame in the House of Commons after being recognized for her services in the government. She is the second disabled member of the House of Commons who has been awarded this position, the previous being another Labour Party member Dame Anne Begg. McGuire has a long-term illness and she has been chairing the all-party disability group in the parliament, a position she will be retiring from in the coming general elections. McGuire has been quite active in her work for the disabled which started from the 1980s when she opened a housing scheme in Cumbernauld, her hometown, for people with learning difficulties. McGuire has done great work while holding the position of chair in the ministry and all the organizations and people in the disabled community showed a great reaction towards her newly pronounced dame hood. She says that she has always tried to go the extra mile in understanding the views of people and helping them out. We can only hope to see that her replacement in the ministry will show the same level of dedication.
ODI Future uncertain
In recent developments it has been found that the future of the Office for Disability Issues may be in jeopardy as the DWP has refused to calculate the budget that would be allocated to ODI on the grounds that it may be too expensive to calculate these figures. The responsibility of ODI is quite vast and diverse as this office not only helps the minister in handling cross-government roles, it also helps in the devising of the strategy of the government on the issues regarding disabled people. In addition to that, the office also oversees the implementation of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which is a part of the UN Convention. However, recent developments indicate that the importance of this office has been decreased and the result could be a failure of the department. In conclusion London’s CEO Tracey Lazard said that there is a possibility that ODI might no longer be seen after the elections which would be an “extremely concerning” situation. The questions regarding the future funding of the Office for Disability Issues must be addressed immediately and the office should be reinstated to its original position.
Youngsters disallowed from using advanced chairs
People with disabilities use wheelchairs all the time and with the advancements in technology, it is become possible to make the wheelchair more advanced too. However, the law has been preventing a lot of youngsters from being able to use them simply because they are not old enough. The law is implemented on the weight of the chair and also any person who is below the age of 14 is disallowed from using an advanced chair completely. Even for those over that age, they can only have a chair that weighs less than 150kg. Any chair above that is to be treated as a car and would require a license to drive around in.
With batteries and other heavy equipment being installed, the weight tends to get more and more and this rule is causing problems for a lot of children who want to use the advanced chairs. Clearly it is time for the government to bring some amendments to the law to accommodate these chairs and recognize the potential of these products. A lot of companies and organizations have also raised their voice against the outdated law regarding this matter and it is yet to be seen what the government’s response would be.
Being disabled is probably one of the most challenging things that one could ever experience during their life and while it is a tough life to live, we get to see so many people going through it around us daily. Providing these people with proper help and support is something that is not only a basic ethical and moral responsibility, it can also be very fruitful in helping our society develop. To provide disabled people with the opportunities to rehabilitate is an essential part of life. Providing them with a complete environment of rehabilitation is very effective and at the same time, essential part of their support system. There are countless organizations all over the UK that provide rehab services to a lot of disabled people. Among them are some famous and big names too like the Handicap International UK and Queen Elizabeth’s Foundation for Disabled People.
Organizations like these are currently providing a complete support program that helps disabled people in regaining their position in the society effectively and be a positive part of their community. Such an initiative is highly appreciable and at the same time, a requirement for the success of our society as a whole. There are several programs that are being developed and implemented which are all focused on helping disabled people in gaining control over their lives.
For any person who is disabled in a particular way, whether it is physical or mental, the hardest part of their life is to cope with the fact that they are in constant need of external support. This is something which can actually be eradicated in most cases by teaching disabled people to adapt to their circumstances. At institutes like the Queen Elizabeth’s Foundation for Disabled People there are specialized programs that focus on helping the candidates in slowly transitioning towards the stage where they use alternative methods to solve the problems from their daily life. The project is set very delicately and every step of progress is thoroughly measured to make sure that maximum results are achieved without causing any negative impact. The candidates are encouraged to set their own targets and then they are helped in learning how they can achieve these targets. It is a great opportunity to overcome the disability without having any external support.
Developing Practical Skills
Living in the open world on your own can be very difficult for nearly all of disabled people and to be able to tackle everyday problems where action is needed can be very tricky. Therefore, helping disabled people by providing them with technology and specialized equipment is a great way to help them in moving in the world like one would without the disability. For example, cars with special equipment installed in them can be used to help a disabled person have the same control on it as a normal person would. This aid in the ability to move about is probably the biggest of all contributions because most of the people who have disabilities are often also suffering from an imperfect body movement.
Mental and Physical Therapy
The best way to improve on the disabilities is by using different therapy techniques. A lot of very advanced procedures have also been developed over the recent years which have shown a very positive impact on the healing process for the disabilities. The treatments are quite varied and cover a lot of different bases like the brain, the eyes, the ears, the limbs and a lot more. The result of this is that over the period of time, a lot of people are able to completely lose their disabilities and start living a completely normal life, unaided. The amount of people who show improvements are greater and while some of them can’t have the chance to live a completely normal life, they are well trained in learning to live the way they are.
Training and Learning
The thing that is required the most when entering the real world is skills and education and for that reason, institutes like Handicap International UK and QEF provide disabled people with proper training in real-life skills. In addition to that, they also provide them with proper education that would lead to a good potential career, allowing them to become truly independent.
When it comes to motivation and learning, nothing works better than a group that supports your every move. For that reason, most of these institutes also have communities where people can indulge in activities that allow them to improve themselves and at the same time gain self-confidence.
All these efforts are to make sure that disabled people are provided with an equal chance at life, a chance that they truly deserve.